after typhoon, philippines faces one of the most profound resettlement crises in decades - corrugated plastic sheets
The recent typhoon sweeping the Philippines has become one of the worst immigration crises in decades, with the number of new homeless people far outpacing the response capacity of aid groups and governments.
Two months ago, there was one of the strongest typhoons ever in the central Philippines, and as people returned to areas that had been damaged and built weaker, there was an urgent need for asylum, the leak of their old house and the sometimes rotten version.
This emergency but rough attempt to rebuild has raised the possibility of a storm.
Sites damaged by Typhoon Haiyan will be more vulnerable to future disasters. The self-
Reconstruction efforts also reflect the seriousness of the destruction.
The disaster in November displaced more than 4 million people
This is twice as much as the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami and the 2010 Haiti earthquake.
People live mainly on their own, and they live inside or below whatever is left.
They live in boats or freight containers that have been dumped ashore by the tsunami.
Like a storm.
Destroy the house with storm debris: twisted metal, plastic sheets and torn mattresses.
If the initial storm was a global media event, the consequences of its instability were the opposite, after the dissolution of the cable news team and the disappearance of attention.
Rescuers say that for those who have lost their homes in a disaster, there is almost never a quick solution. The Katrina-
There are notorious FEMA trailers on the Gulf Coast. Port-au-
The Prince has a dirty tent city.
Crowded evacuation centers in northeast Japan
Schools and civic centres
The last closure was last month, nearly three years after the tsunami and a series of nuclear leaks.
In the Philippines, however, it is not the place where people are resettled that is notable, but the extent to which they are placed.
Throughout the disaster area, about 90% people still live on the same land occupied before the typhoon.
Even if the survivors want to go somewhere else, they have no choice. The typhoon-
Lack of formal shelters in disaster areas, the first 1,000 governments
According to rescuers, the "bunkhouse" built here does not meet the minimum international standards.
Ideally, survivors will be rebuilt with new materials, not scrap, but the rescue operation is progressing slowly.
According to the joint committee shelter team, only 9% of those affected by the storm received reconstruction support, including nails, tarps and tents.
Chaired by UNHCR.
Philippine manufacturers have not even been able to keep up with demand for the most basic materials, such as corrugated metal, and Manila has been slow to import them from other places.
Leite province is the most direct area affected by Haiyan, and Leite province has so far received only 2% of the metal needed for the new roof, with the governor of Leite province Dominique petilia in an interview
"If you give people a better choice, they will accept it," pettila said . ".
"But we did not.
Typhoon Haiyan killed more than 6,000 people, not only because of its power, but also because of the energy it gained when it landed, so it proved to be so deadly.
The storm separated the houses made of wood and tin, and the separated materials became Spears --
Like a weapon in a storm
Data from the Philippine government show dozens of people died from puncture wounds and flying debris.
Some rescuers say shantytowns are almost praiseworthy to have reappeared so quickly.
They call it self"
Rescue ", this is what you need in such a massive disaster --
At least in an emergency.
But looking closely, the process looks more dangerous than free.
In the devastated coastal slum of Tacloban, the largest city of Wright, some survivors live on the second floor of a building with almost no ground floor.
A family lives in a sloping house, like a slope, with debris embedded on one side.
45-year-old lorandor Bagro and his wife and four children live in two cement walls in their home that were left behind after the storm.
His new roof includes a blue tarp, a few pieces of metal and an umbrella.
When it rained, he grabbed the leaking place with a plastic kettle.
Because the second room of his family was pushed to the stump by the storm, Bagro's wife and children are now sleeping in a single room together, and the plywood in the room is the size of a child's bed.
Bagro sleeps 3-foot-
He found the bench after the storm.
"It's very tiring every day," bagero said with a faint smile as he showed his home to the guests.
"Because see how I sleep.
Like many in Tacloban, Bagro is willing to rebuild his family.
But he is in a worrying cycle.
He needs coconut wood and nails so he can rebuild the second room.
He needs a second room so everyone can sleep well again and feel normal.
He needs to be in normal condition so he can stop worrying about the building and look for regular work as a driverfor-
Rent, which he has never had since the storm.
Local and Manila officials are worried about these.
The emerging slums will be a permanent solution for survivors.
Officials have made vague plans to eventually relocate the entire coastal area inland so that they are not so vulnerable to disasters, but the idea faces many obstacles that require the government to buy land, change the law and convince residents
Many of them are fishermen.
Move to a place where they have to find a new job.
Even in the best
James Sheppard said that in this case, residents may stay for months or years in fragile rebuilt homes
Barron, a consultant to the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, is coordinating housing relief in the Philippines.
At the same time, Manila and the international aid organization should gradually provide better materials for survivors.
Trained construction workers sent by NGOs will also visit shantytowns to provide guidance on appropriate construction techniques. “Many [survivors]
You can't read, so you have to show them.
You're in the middle of them, you paint them, "Sheppard-Barron said.
"You tell them that if you build it in this new way, your home will not collapse [
In the next storm.
If you build it like your grandfather, it will.
Bagro lived on a flat land that was cut off by water.
On one side is the San Juan Nico Strait, where water soared in November.
Through the city.
On the other side, the much smaller Mangonbangon River, concrete-
A passage formed by garbage and slightly salty green water.
Bagro believes that he may be lucky no matter what the government plans: he is about 150 feet away from the water, which means that he may stay where he is even if others are forced to relocate.
In this crowded community, after sunrise most of the day, thousands of people hammer, build, bargain, and bathe outside.
The man in red shir is looking for supplies and the woman cooks on the fire.
Children in their teens flock to a family with a generator owned by Fe Marteja for 20 pesos (or 45 cents)
Recharge your phone, flashlight and discount-
Version of the tablet.
Residents here say some progress has been made in the community.
Almost all the bodies were found by search and rescue teams with sniffing dogs.
Despite the rash and sudden illness in children, there is no serious outbreak of the disease.
The work clean-up plan managed by Tzu Chi, a Buddhist humanitarian organization, has triggered residents to clean up muck and debris on the road.
Bagro himself signed up for five days of work to the maximum extent permitted.
Overall, he made nearly $200, his only income since the storm.
He spent 18 coconut trees.
Not enough, just a start.
However, he needs to endure the final clean-up work before Bagro can rebuild his home.
On the ruins of the second room in front of his house, 3 feet of the garbage was tossed by the storm.
On the most recent morning, Bargo sent his second-
Reyland, the 17-year-old son, stepped onto the pile and asked him to start reaching out for something.
Bagro stood down and judged whether they were worth keeping or worth selling while accepting items.
Reyland discovered the remnants of the family's past life. A rice cooker.
A flip phone
Stereo and karaoke.
While he was working, Reyland was humming pop songs, and Bagro formed a pile of plastic and metal.
After three hours of work, the top of Bagro's yellow basketball can was blackened with sweat.
Much of what Reyland took out of the ruins is no longer available.
Bagro collects unwanted scrap with a trolley and then takes them to a collection point on the street where the metal is 6 pesos per kilogram and the plastic is 3 pesos per kilogram.
Bagello had a meal.
Mash up and bargain for 4 pesos per kilogram.
Bagero watched the worker come up with a calculator and figure out the final price of the item for years --37 kilograms (or 82 pounds)total.
"This involves 148 pesos," the worker said . ".
That's $3. 35. Bagro sighed.
"It's enough for a piece of coconut wood," he said . ".
Carmela Cruz contributed to this report.