all that glitters isn't green: sequins dominated the awards season, but few realise how they can pollute the planet - silver coated polyester film
Sparkling, funny and undisguised eyes-
Capture, sequel has always been a hitto for glamour.
Over the past few weeks, various stars have appeared on the award season red carpet, dressed in shiny gowns of all colors.
At Sunday's Oscars, Emma Stone, Jennifer Lopez and Kate Bosworth were in a coma. to-
At the British music awards ceremony last week, Kelly Brook wore a ruby dress.
Designers like Gucci, Mark Jacobs, and Prada all loved it, and they all showed the sequel on 2018 fashion shows --
This trend has spread to the streets, where there are a lot of sequins --
Produced to meet demandFashion-
Search platform Lyst says the number of people searching for sequels has increased by 42 in the past six months.
And not just adults.
Ups: parents of any child under the age of 10 will be familiar with "flippy sequ "(two-
Display double sided sequins of different pictures according to the direction they are brushed).
No matter how old you are, the sparkle of a set of sequins is irresistible.
But there is growing evidence that all this
The price of Dazzle is-
Could have a devastating impact on the environment.
The sequel is a short one.
Long term blow
Dr Tricia farreilly, an environmental anthropologist at Macy's University in New Zealand, said that none of the consequences of the term are good.
"They may look inert and innocent, and of course beautiful, but there are some issues related to sequins in their life cycle.
This is because normally they are made of plastic --
Their production therefore involves the use of hazardous chemicals, which have a life span of thousands of years and will never be biodegradable.
In fact, sequins have a lot in common with toxic plastic beads, which were banned for cosmetics and personal care products in the UK last year after the Mail campaign.
Beads are defined as plastic fragments of any length less than 5mm.
While sequins vary in size and some are much larger than 5mm, they have many disturbing features of this plastic threat.
Dr. Linda Campbell, professor at the University of St. Mary, Canada and director of the School of Environment, said traditional plastic sequins can last thousands of years in the environment.
The devastating effects of microplastics on our oceansdocumented —
In 2016, marine biologist Dr. Richard Thompson led a research project to discover the presence of microplastics in a third country in the UKcaught fish.
While there is no specific study on the impact of the sequel yet, Sue Kinsey of the Marine Conservation Association says we should be concerned.
If there are sequins in the washing machine, they fall off easily and flow down the drain.
If they are not captured by a sewage treatment plant and go out to sea, there is a good chance that they will be eaten by a variety of creatures up and down the food chain.
Like a flash, there's a problem.
Even if we can't determine exactly how much is currently there, it will cause the problem.
She suggests that if you wash sequins in your machine and put them in a cloth bag, you can capture any clothes that may fall off.
Dr. Tricia farreilly warned that there were other issues with the sequins.
She said that the production process itself has a wide range
Impact on the environment, society and health.
For example, the production of PVC and PET plastics releases dangerous contaminants.
"Pvc plastic is made of toxic additives called O-benzene ester, which makes sequins flexible and durable," Dr. farreilly said . ".
These additives are hormones.
Imitate chemicals that destroy the endocrine system of animals and human bodies.
There is a lot of work to do to link these chemicals to a variety of diseases.
Then there is a waste when making sequins --
Their circle means a lot of plastic is discarded.
Most sequins are punched from plastic sheets, Dr. farreilly says, meaning a lot of material is lost.
It is impossible to handle these plastics safely.
Plastic will never disappear
They just end up in more dangerous and smaller forms elsewhere.
"What makes sequins particularly problematic is that all of this is used to make clothes --realistically —
Usually worn only on a few occasions.
Designer Rachel Clowes says the phenomenon she calls "waste between officers" is an example.
These are items that people are willing to spend money on, but don't wear them often, she said.
"The reality is that we often talk about the use of an item decorated with plastic for 10 to 15 hours, which has been used for 2,000 years.
Sequins are not always made of plastic.
Ancient metal sequins were found on archaeological sites from Pakistan to Egypt.
The earliest version was a gold block that was hammered into thin circles, or a coin that was sewn into the clothes for safekeeping --
The word Sequin comes from the Arabic word "sikka", meaning a coin.
Part of the identity symbol, part of the decoration, they are the privilege of the rich.
Only when in their 20 s did European designers start to try to make them with gelatin coated with shiny metal make them more accessible.
In his thirties, Eastman Kodak was using the acetate used in its photographic film to produce sequins, and 20 years later, Mylar's invention --
Causing the machine-Washable sequins.
Lighter and cheaper, it is the ancestor of the masses today
Designer Rachel hopes to find a sustainable material for sequins.
In order to produce biodegradable alternatives, she set up a sustainable Sequin company.
After several months of research, she developed a creaturePlastic sequins
A biodegradable plastic.
It looks like a normal but dissolved.
"That means you can go out in your clothes and wash it with your hands and gradually let the sequins dissolve and then you can put on your daily clothes," she said . ".
Rachel is working with researchers at Bangor University to find a commercially viable, biodegradable sequin and bring it to the mass market.
Meanwhile, she turned her attention back.
Use old sequins.
If you use recycled garbage, you can reduce emissions and reduce landfill, she said.
"I have received inquiries from major retailers, which shows that we are aware that there are many different forms of plastic, but it is always harmful.
Purva Chawla, founder of Materials Consulting, also expressed this view, which promotes the sustainability of fashion.
She said that we have been contacted by two major commercial street retailers who are interested in finding more sustainable materials.
Cost is obviously a major factor.
Traditional sequins are produced in large quantities, which makes them cheaper
But it's an encouraging sign that people want to do things differently.
Sue Kinsey of the Marine Conservation Association has a cautious hope for fast and stylish ocean change.
It's about making the right choice when you shop, she says.
We can't stop what happened in the past, but we can stop the trend.