for cia, truth about torture was an existential threat - mylar tape
For CIA officers involved in torture, one thing is clear from the very beginning: the only way they do is to be forgiven if they can prove that it saved lives.
This is the core of their reasons.
This is essential for public acceptance.
That's how they avoid prosecution.
The executive summary of the exhaustive torture report released by the Senate intelligence committee on Tuesday indelible capture the rejection of human dignity by CIA officials, all this began with the "new" legal defense proposed by CIA lawyers in November 2001 ---
It's their White House owner, lurking under the stage--
"The CIA can argue that in the absence of other means available to prevent injuries, torture is necessary to prevent imminent, significant physical harm to the person.
Specifically, they pointed out: "The states may be very reluctant to call the United States . "S.
When torture leads to the saving of thousands of lives, the task is carried out.
So when the predictable events of tragedy begin to unfold ---
As usual, torture produces false confessions, with little valuable information ---
Admitting failure is not even an option.
Instead, the people involved made up stories of success.
They insist that Abu zhabada, who is the number one person in Al-Qaida, provided information only after being sealed by water, foiled a major attack on the United StatesS. --
Although zhabada was not in al-Qaida, the plot was a farce and the only relevant information he provided was provided before he was tortured.
They described the false confession of Khalid Sheikh Mohammed as a fatal threat and then declared them defeated.
They maliciously abused people, some of whom were completely innocent and described what they were doing as art and science.
Senate investigators can pull millions of pages of original CIA cables and other original materials, and they used most of the 499 pages in their release on Tuesday, recorded CIA officials doing horrible things and then telling each other the lie of convenience, telling their boss, telling the White House, to anyone who questioned them, to Congress ---
To prove the validity of torture to all. By mid-
2003, the CIA's consistent mantra is that "enhanced interrogation strategies" "save lives", "defeat conspiracy" and "capture terrorists ".
"Otherwise it's like blasphemy.
The final result was when President George W. Bush
Bush and other senior government officials finally revealed the project to the public, and they have almost nothing to sell except the wrong information.
Should we call these LIES?
No report from the Senate. (
Then it also does not call what happened "torture ". ")
In fact, people who know the facts must be lying, and they ask their superiors to provide examples of effective torture.
Maybe some people hear the lies and pass them the lies to convince themselves that they are real.
It will be worse for the CIA, because for an agency responsible for providing facts, the susceptibility to lies is a fatal flaw --
Intelligence to protect national security.
The Senate summary tells us that the modern CIA is driven by fantasy and faith.
This is a familiar expense;
We saw the same pattern in the CIA, when the political leaders of the CIA wanted a war in Iraq.
Oregon Democratic Senator Ron Kumar said on Tuesday, "The current CIA leadership has expressed an astonishing resistance to acknowledging all the mistakes and distortions that have been surrounding the project for many years.
"Of course, there is no indication that the CIA is ready to reverse the situation.
CIA Director John Brennan went out of his way to block and discredit the investigation.
He is now refuting the conclusion.
Brennan's statement on Tuesday acknowledged "shortcomings" and "mistakes" but reiterated the interrogation of [the detainees targeted]
Intensive interrogation techniques
The use of EITs does generate intelligence that will help defeat attack plans, capture terrorists and save lives.
He angrily rejected the inference in the report about the institutional system and the deliberate misleading of Congress, the executive and the public.
"While they are still behind the scenes in their design, nothing in this report can exempt those who host the show at the White House.
Other news reports and works make it clear that Vice President Dick Cheney is the main promoter of the creation of a system of torture that extends not only to black sites, but also to places such as Abu Ghraib and Guantanamo.
Cheney is not the victim of the wrong message.
He's the architect of it. And George W.
Until 2006, Bush may not be familiar with the details: "According to CIA records, when notified in April 2006, the president expressed discomfort with the 'image of detainees, locked in the ceiling, in diapers, forced to go to the bathroom on their own.
"But he must have known what Cheney and others did in the basement.
* After the report captured a substantial record of the CIA's first fanatical fall, adding disgusting new details to the terrorist suspects-9/11.
The image of the CIA's first fully documented torture victim, Abu Zubaydah, is that after a period of repeated proximity-
Sleepy on the water board.
There is a description of lack of sleep, "including keeping detainees awake for up to 180 hours, usually standing or under pressure, sometimes with both hands tied to their heads.
"The report identified 26 detainees, of a total of 119 detainees in the CIA, who themselves felt they should not be detained at all.
This unfortunate organization includes Abu hadafa, who received ice water baths and 66 hours of standing sleep deprivation before being released, because the CIA found out that he might not be the man believed to be "and" Nazir Ali, "a man of" intellectual challenge, "his recorded cry was used as a lever to his family.
"The report also adds new content to the CIA's vocabulary of torture euphemism, such as" rectal hydration "and" rectal feeding ": at least five detainees were given rectal hydration or rectal feeding.
Abu zhabada has at least a record of accepting "rectal fluid recovery" for "partial rejection of liquid. " . . .
KSM received rectal hydration without identifying medical needs, which is the procedure of KSM Inquirer and inquiry director REDACTED}
Later, I characterized the "full control" of the detainees by the interrogators as an example.
"Not only did the authors document these new atrocities, they also cited them as an indication that CIA officials had cheated others on what really happened.
A particularly difficult issue is the inaccurate information provided to Congress by the CIA.
CIA officials denied torture and promised to inform the Senate Intelligence Committee of everyone detained by the CIA.
Then there is the wrong message and the direct deception.
For example, Senator Carl Levin's 2005 recommendation that an independent commission be set up to investigate the abuse of detainees "has led to the CIA's concerns, that is, such a commission would result in the discovery of video tapes documenting CIA interrogation.
The CIA thus destroyed them.
Summary dedication 37-
At only one hearing of the Senate Intelligence Committee, former CIA Director Michael Hayden's appendix on "inaccurate CIA testimony.
At the hearing on April 12, 2007, Director Hayden verbally provided a great deal of inaccurate information on the following topics :(1)
The interrogation of Abu Zubaydah ,(2)
The application of the Ministry of Defense Survival School practice in this project ,(3)
Anti-interrogation training for detainees ,(4)
Background of the CIA interrogators ,(5)
The role of other members of the interrogation team ,(6)
The number of CIA detainees and their intelligence production ,(7)
The role of CIA detainees reporting in the capture of terrorist suspects ,(8)
During the interrogation ,(9)
Usage reported by detainees ,(10)
The relationship between the so-called Islam and the need to use CIA to strengthen interrogation techniques ,(11)
Threats to the families of detainees12)
Boxing and kicking of detainees ,(13)
Health of detainees ,(14)
Refusing medical treatment ,(15)
Diet manipulation ,(16)
The use and effectiveness of waterboarding, and (17)
Casualties of detainees
Hayden told the Senate Intelligence Committee: "Boxing and kicking are unauthorized and have never been used.
"But interviews with two CIA internal reviews describe the treatment of Gurr Rahman, who died in salt fields.
A witness said :[T]
There are about five CIA officers from the extradition team. . .
They opened the door of Rahman's cell, screamed and rushed in, shouting him "fuck off ".
"They dragged him outside, took his clothes off, and fixed him with Mella tape.
They covered his head with the hood and ran around a long corridor next to his cell.
They slapped him several times. . .
Punched a few times.
When they ran him along the corridor, he fell several times and they dragged him through the mud (
The floor outside the cell is dirt).
Rahman does have some bruises on his face, legs and hands, but there is nothing that needs medical care. (
This may be the cause of the bruises found on Rahman's body after his death.
Rahman has some surface scratches on his shoulders, pelvis, arms, legs and face. )
Hayden also lied to Congress about the number of detainees.
At first, the CIA's low-ball numbers were surprisingly enough, only a mistake in the CIA's internal documents, indicating that improper record keeping made it impossible for the CIA to determine how many people it had detained.
On December 2003, the CIA [supervised] the CIA's detention operations in the countryREDACTED]
Informed the CIA headquarters that it had "disturbing discoveries" and that the CIA had "held some detainees who" knew little about it.
"But five years later, when a CIA official told Hayden that the correct number was 112 or more, the officer sent himself an email to honor the conversation: "DCIA instructed me to keep the number of the detainees at 98--
Select any date of my [sic]
But the number is 98.
At 2006 congressional hearing
The CIA director, Potter Goss, said the CIA's interrogation process was "not an atrocity ".
It is more of a refinement of art or science.
"But the report provides new and terrible details about what it calls cobalt ---
The infamous Salt Pit facility in Afghanistan, called a "dungeon" by a CIA official ".
"The CIA has little official record of people detained in COBALT.
Untrained CIA officers of the facility regularly conduct unauthorized and unsupervised interrogation of detainees, using-
Part of the CIA's formal "intensive" interrogation plan.
The CIA arranged for a junior officer with no relevant experience to be responsible for cobalt. On November [REDACTED]
On 2002, a detainee, who was held partially naked and locked on a concrete floor, died on suspicion that the facility had a low body temperature.
Although most of the misinformation recorded in the report goes back to the Bush era, Senate investigators have also debunked the claim ---
The torture was the reason for bin Laden's arrest.
Within a day of the UBL operation, the CIA began to provide Congress with classified briefings on the entire operation and the intelligence that led to the raid and the death of UBL.
On May 2, 2011, CIA officials, including Michael Morrell, deputy director of the CIA, briefed the Commission.
On May 4, 2011, CIA Director Leon Panetta and other CIA officials briefed the Senate Intelligence Special Committee and the Senate Military Committee.
Both briefings indicate information about the CIA detainees. -
Intensive interrogation technology by the Central Intelligence Agency-
Played an important role in developing the intelligence that led to UBL operations.
The report records a great deal of information the CIA received from other sources about the courier who eventually led them to find bin Laden.
CIA has not received any information from CIA detainees about Abu Ahmad al-
Kuwait until 2003.
Nevertheless, by the end of 2002, the CIA was still actively fighting Abu Ahmad al-
Kuwait, and gathered about Abu Ahmed al-Kuwaiti--
Including Abu Ahmed al-
Close ties between Kuwait and UBL.
In fact, the information in the report supports the argument that torture may have slowed down the hunt for bin Laden.
* Attorney General Eric Holder often states that "the Department of Justice will not prosecute the scope of legal guidance provided by the Office of Legal Counsel for anyone acting in good faith in relation to the interrogation of detainees.
"The Senate report makes it clear that the memorandum of Justice providing legal cover to CIA officials is based on a significant distortion of CIA's needs and conduct.
Investigators wrote that the Justice Department's memo "relies on CIA to claim that these technologies are necessary to save lives ".
While the CIA began to explain its authorities more generally, the original memorandum came mainly from what the CIA told the Justice Department about zhabada, most of which were untrue.
Most notably, the CIA "headquarters" informed the Justice Department and White House officials in July 2002 that Abu zhabada's interrogation team believed that he had mastered the terrorist and terrorist threats of the United States. S.
"CIA officials further stated that the trial team concluded that convincing Abu zhabada to provide the critical information needed to protect the lives of countless innocent men requires the use of a more radical approach, female, he warned that countless Americans could die unless we could convince AZ to tell us what he knew.
But according to the CIA cables reviewed by Senate investigators, the interrogation team did not make any such decision ---
On the contrary.
They wrote that they operate under the assumption that Zubaydah "did not conceal actionable information about threats to the United States, [he]
"The report also found that some of the strategies adopted by the CIA were beyond what those memos allowed, for example, to conclude that the daily use of nudity, abdominal slapping and cold --
Water flushing was not approved by the judiciary.
* Supporters of CIA interrogation tactics do not like to call them torture.
Some media still shy away from the term.
But it's ridiculous to call them something else.
A series of events described in the report (
Mark mazeti and Scott sheeen revealed for the first time in 2009 New York Times articles)
CIA officials have a clear idea of what they are doing.
The White House has traditionally issued a mandatory and painless announcement every year on the occasion of the United Nations International Day for Victims of Torture.
George W 2003
Bush's speech includes: America's commitment to the world
The widespread elimination of torture and we are leading this struggle by example.
I call on governments to join the United States and the international community,
Compliance with the state in the prohibition, investigation and prosecution of all acts of torture and in the commitment to prevent other cruel and unusual punishments.
I call on all states to speak out against all forms of torture and to make ending it an important part of their diplomacy. But when then-
John Rizzo, general counsel for the CIA, heard about it. -
And a famous quote from White House Press Secretary Scott McClellan, all prisoners held in the United StatesS.
Treat the government "humanely"-he panicked.
Rizzo wants to make sure that this does not represent a change in policy.
He called John Bellinger, then legal adviser to the National Security Council, "expressing surprise and concern about some of the statements.
Rizzo told his CIA colleagues that "it may be appropriate for us to seek written confirmation from some senior White House officials that the agency is doing something . ". . .
CIA Director George Tenet then sent a memorandum to national security adviser, Cornelia Rice, seeking to reaffirm the White House's support because of "recent government inquiries about the government's position these [interrogation]
Technology is not used in the United States. S.
Personnel, no longer approved as a policy matter.
"It's not a coincidence that at about that time, the CIA began to make significant efforts internally to prove that what they have been doing worked.
For example, the report recorded the efforts of the stationmaster of Alec Station. -
CIA unit responsible for finding Osama bin Laden-
He asked his subordinates to provide information on the "value and impact" of information on CIA detainees, which he said was prepared for the CIA's top leadership.
He wrote that the request for information "helps to expose or block the plot, reports confirming the identity of a terrorist suspect, etc.
"The subordinates responded warmly.
Information began to flow over the chain of command.
On July 29, 2003, due to DCI Tenet's July 3, 2003, it was requested to reiterate the CIA's detention and interrogation policies and practices.
Ternitt and Scott Mueller, general counsel for the CIA, held briefings for some national security leaders.
According to a CIA memo, Mueller, on behalf of the CIA, "detainees use one or the other enhanced technology, generating important intelligence information that CIA professionals consider to save lives
The CIA briefing provided the "results" of the use of CIA intensive interrogation techniques in the briefing slide, titled: "Results: main threat information ".
"Slide show KSM provides information about "["]a]
Ttack plans to confront the U. S. Capitol and other U. S. landmarks. "[a]
Against Chicago, New York, Los Angeles;
Oppose towers, subways, trains, reservoirs, Hebrew centers, nuclear power plants ";
There is also the land of Heathrow Airport and Canary Wharf ".
The slides also show that KSM recognizes the "Magid Khan family" Iyman Paris and Sayf al-Rahman Paracha.
These statements are basically inaccurate.
In the end, George W. Bush.
On September 6, 2006, President Bush made a speech based on the information provided by the Central Intelligence Agency, which fully reviewed the information, which was full of misinformation.
Mark thyson, who wrote the speech and is now a columnist for The Washington Post, described its origins a few years later: this is the most carefully reviewed speech in the history of the president ---
Reviewed by all the key figures of individuals running the project, all the way to the Director of National Intelligence, who personally demonstrated the accuracy of the speech in his memo to the president.
But as strongly demonstrated by the report, the speech "includes many inaccurate statements about the CIA project and the effectiveness of the CIA's enhanced interrogation techniques.
"In fact, the CIA's review of the speech, detailed in the CIA's" verification "document, makes it more inaccurate.
A week before the scheduled speech, a passage in the draft speech addressed Abu Zubaydah in the capture of Ramzi bin al-
Roles of Shibh and Abu Zubaydah and Ramzi bin al
Shibh, while capturing KSM, did not explicitly link the allegations to the use of CIA enhanced interrogation techniques.
CIA records show zumada captured al-
The capture of Shibh and KSM has nothing to do with either of them.
However, the final version of the speech went further, directly linking CIA's "intensive interrogation technology" to zhabada with bin al-Shibh got caught.
Bush also said: "Once we were detained, KSM was interrogated by the CIA using these procedures and he quickly provided information to help us stop another planned one for the United States
"But the complicated story that Bush told is completely untrue and unsupported.
The CIA "confirmed" this statement with a telegram of June 2003, without mentioning the telegram of March 2003, which showed information about the alleged conspiracy, such as, coming out before what KSM said
The terrorists detained by the CIA also provided information. . . [that]
"They helped stop the plot to hijack the passenger planes and fly them to Heathrow Airport or the Canary Wharf in London," Bush said . ".
But Senate investigators said: a review of the records showed that the plot at Heathrow Airport and Canary Wharf did not exceed the initial planning stage because Ramzi bin al-was detained and the operation was completely interrupted.
Shibh, KSM, Ammar-al-
Baruch and Halad Ben Atash.
None of these people were captured because the report was obtained during or after the CIA's use of intensive interrogation techniques against CIA detainees.
The Senate report also revealed an example of how the Bush administration's most frequently cited torture was to save the lives of Americans, which is actually a joke.
Bush and others have often said that the information obtained by waterboarding has led to the destruction of American plots. S.
Chicago Citizen Jose Padila is involved in blowing up apartment buildings in the United States and may "use 'dirty bombs' in the United States '"S.
But the Senate report revealed that padira and his assistant, Binam Mohammed, had conceived what the CIA called a "dirty bomb conspiracy" after reading an ironic magazine article ", "How to do H-
Bomb, "the instructions will-
Connect a six-by putting liquid uranium six fluorine into the barrel-
Rope to the barrel handle, swing "rope (
And additional barrels)
Turn around your head as fast as you can. . .
About 45 minutes.
According to the Senate report, this is exactly how Padila plans to make "dirty bombs.
"This ridiculous plan is that before the Bush administration released him to the federal court for other charges, he was labeled as enemy fighters and held for three and a half years.
In addition, the CIA's operational Telegram and other records show that "the use of the CIA's enhanced interrogation techniques does not have any effect in determining José Padila or in foiling any conspiracy ".
When Zubaydah provided information about the "dirty bomb" attack, he did not name Padila ---
In any case, whatever he said while talking to the FBI, three months before the CIA began to torture him.
For the first time, the CIA heard of Padila from a foreign government, the report said.
A fascinating footnote to the Padila case concerns the CIA's refusal to admit the mistake, even after a few years.
At 2008, the intelligence Commission sent a question to the CIA: "Why is this information [
Related to padara]
, This is not obtained by using EITs, included in "valid memo?
Commission investigators found that a Central Intelligence Agency official drafted a response acknowledging that the agency had "only inadvertently reported this error ".
Abu Zubaydah provided information about Jose padira during an FBI interrogation.
"But someone higher on the food chain killed that draft.
The fact is that the threat is too great. (
Froomkin is a senior writer who crosses the intercept. )