for old films, the ending almost always comes out the same - pet polyester film
Written by LINDA LEEDEC
1. 19 97 movie plots have been recycled-
"Dead hard" becomes dead hard on the bus (''Speed'')
And then die on board (''Speed 2'')--
Therefore, it is not surprising that the inventory of movies is also recycled.
The film eventually turned into something that fans might suspect on a bad day: a pile of meaningless waste, worth 3 cents a pound, suitable for burning.
A film like "Black Man", released by Sony's Columbia film company, was released on July on more than 2,000 of the country's nearly 30,000 screens, the film will be first broken down from the large plates that place the entire film in the screening room into separate reels, about 2,000 feet, or 20 minutes each time.
Some of these reels have speeds of about 700 to 800 seconds.
Run the screen in this country, where they recycle for the first time.
The black man, already shown on the video, is still performing at the Cineplex Odeon World Theater in Manhattan for $3.
The average screening time for a film is five to six volumes.
A behemoth like the Titanic, which runs for more than three hours, takes nine to ten hours.
Reel from first-and second-
The cinema was eventually shipped to what the industry calls the Renaissance Center, like Hollywood movies in Los Angeles, with more than 2 million feet of scratches each year. Cut the film into 1 million, says Frank Heller, and like the new one, the operations manager of the Hollywood film service.
Count this as a recycling number. 2.
The advertisement "I don't know what the theater will do with them sometimes ". Heller said.
The film is in such a bad condition.
We rate each scratch to see if it can be projected.
We then clean the film through a non-abrasive process and heal the scratches.
"In order to make a full and vibrant film, Hollywood has also mixed and matched a variety of surviving scrolls.
Liz Garvin, executive at Fox International, which deals with the 20th-century Fox foreign distribution business, said, "on the 'Volcano, 'I went through eight pallets of movies, to get I need to be played repeatedly because of it.
"The vibrant prints are often eventually shipped to the UK --
English-speaking countries like Australia and South Africa sometimes have subheadings, especially in Eastern Europe. (
Executives working at international distribution companies say most of the subtitles are done on new prints. )
But even the films ended their performances abroad.
At some point, few people on Earth want thousands of pounds of reels to "cable guys" or even "lost world ".
Of course, there are some archives here, but even if they want only one or two of the most important films.
This makes about 95% of the prints have no task in life.
Where is this useless place to play?
Will the film be released eventually?
A mountain town in Tennessee.
Ten years ago, Eastman Kodak bought a film recycling company in Mountain City to handle all these tired film stocks.
In the early days of the film, when the raw material was made of cellulose nitrate, the studio sometimes burned the old film for special effects.
When filmmakers need to shoot a fire that really exploded, highly flammable reels were thrown into flames.
By the time of 1951, the film was printed on the film of triethyl acid, which is called safety film because it is much more flammable than the nitrate.
But for the past five years, most studios have switched to polyester. Yes, polyester.
"We used to use triacetate," he said . "
Griffith of Fox, a division of the news group.
"The first time I 've tried polyester fiber in the rock horror pictures show, the show is played every week.
With polyester, the film will never break.
If any, it will damage the projector.
"Please click on the box to verify that you are not a robot.
The email address is invalid. Please re-enter.
You must select the newsletter you want to subscribe.
View all New York Times newsletters.
Polyester film for several poundds (
And a small amount of triacetate film)
They were loaded into trucks all year round and delivered to the last resting place of Kodak film processing in the mountains of Tennessee.
"Last year alone, we stopped the 10 million-pound movie from entering the landfill," said Harry Heuer, director of health, safety and professional sports imaging environment at Eastman Kodak . ".
"The last time I calculated, I produced 37 million pounds of printed material per year.
"Kodak does not charge for film inventory recycling, but believes recycling is part of the film business.
"We are implementing a zero landfill policy . "Heuer said.
"They just do it as an environmental issue," said Phil provinzal, vice president of theater services at Fox . ".
"They can't make money on it.
"The mountain town handles the" support "of the triacetate and polyester film, or the part under the emulsion that carries the image and the soundtrack.
Sounds like a funeral, sir.
Howya said, "when these things are at the end of their lives, one of the values that we offer is-
Piracy and the destruction of the environment.
"Before the film processing company in Tennessee recycles the film, it has to reach an agreement with the studio to ensure that the print is not available.
"They vandalized copyrighted materials, images, and sounds and issued a certificate to ensure this happens . "Heuer said.
An inspection team from the American Film Association visits regularly to ensure that there is no copy of "Show Girls" at the back door.
An advertisement from a film processing company published in the film trade magazine talked about pushing the film to a "happy ending ".
What actually happened was more in line with the picture of Freddy Kruger.
In order to destroy the copyright material, Shancheng chopped the printed matter;
Some chopped films are transported to other factories that remove the emulsion with chemicals;
A small amount is not chopped, but is mechanically scraped to remove the picture and soundtrack, and a small amount is scraped to remove the soundtrack and the center of the image.
Advertising most of the films end up being shamefully chopped in huge granulators.
"This is an ideal fuel . "Heuer said.
But not very valuable.
"To sum up the things that get together," he said, "while the industry's transition from triacetate might be great, it does come at the cost.
"This is the mechanism we recycle today," he continued . ".
As a final product, Triacetate is more valuable.
Today, we still have the same commitment to the environment, but it will cost us money to do so. ''Mr.
The resulting polyester flakes are worth less than 3 cents per pound, and the cost of transportation is higher than that, howya explained.
Eastman Kodak did not make money here, he said.
The polyester flakes are sent to another factory where they are mixed with the waste from the paper mill to make fuel particles.
The final irony is: the destination of all those who wear clothes
The replica of "Graduation" does not have its own natural film resources.
Thousands of movies die in Mountain City every year. there is no cinema here.
We are constantly improving the quality of text archives.
Please send feedback, error reports, and suggestions to archid_feedback @ nytimes. com.
A version of the article appears on page D00011 of the national edition of December 1, 1997, with the title: for old movies, the ending is almost always the same.