forced to flee myanmar, rohingya refugees face monsoon landslides in bangladesh - black plastic sheeting
At the Balukhahli refugee camp near the Bengal resort of Cox Bazar, 52-year-
Old Samia and his two daughters and their four children live in a temporary shelter on a steep hillside.
But he said that in the recent monsoon downpour, the hill behind his residence collapsed late at night.
"I didn't know it would crash," Miya said . ".
Then I heard a loud noise.
Then it fell.
"The Landslide covers half a family's sanctuary in several feet of wet brown sand.
Fortunately, no one was hurt, he said.
One of the biggest threats facing Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh's huge refugee camps is the land itself.
With shelters built by refugees, almost all of the hillside vegetation has been stripped off, making it easy for sandy cliffs to collapse.
During this year's monsoon season, thousands of shelters like Miya were destroyed or destroyed and dozens were injured.
Early in the monsoon season, a child was even killed in a landslide.
This week marks-
The first anniversary of the massive exodus of Rohingya Muslims from Myanmar.
Nearly 700,000 Rohingya have fled attacks by Burmese soldiers and pro-Burmese militants.
Government militia, what America? S. and the U. N.
Label the campaign for ethnic cleansing
Myanmar said it was targeting Rohingya militants who attacked government police stations and military posts.
After the refugees arrived in Bangladesh, they rushed to build shelters built with bamboo and plastic film on the mountains outside Cox Bazar.
The sanctuary is so crowded that there is often not enough space to walk between them.
Miya said that when he arrived 11 months ago, the only space he could find was on the ledge, with a steep cliff on one side and a steep drop on the other.
"Back in Myanmar, my house is strong," he said . "
A wood-made house, as his daughter and grandson share now, is nothing better than sand, dirt and walls made of thin film.
Like most refugees, the family cooks on open fire.
But in the rainy season in recent months, it is almost impossible to find dry firewood.
"We have wet firewood, wet stove, everything is wet," said Dilarah, Miya's daughter . ".
"That's why it's more difficult to cook here, especially during the monsoon season.
Miya said that although their living conditions were difficult and the residence was unstable, he planned to rebuild in exactly the same place.
He was cleaning the ledge with a hoe and digging out the bamboo poles buried in the landslide.
The camp was already crowded and he said there was no other place nearby to build a shelter.
He knows his neighbor in this place.
His two grandchildren go to school for two hours a day at a nearby school.
"Where will I go with these children? " he asks.
"So I prefer to stay here.
"Rescue groups have launched a massive campaign to prevent catastrophic landslides in the camps.
They dug ditches and ditches.
They put sandbags on unstable cliffs.
They also spread plastic cloth and tarps throughout the hillside to prevent them from being eroded and falling in refugee shelters below.
Despite their efforts, thousands of shelters and other buildings in the camp have collapsed.
A community leader at camp Balukhali said residents had rebuilt a mosque three times after it was repeatedly submerged under broken sand.
Aid groups led by the United StatesN.
Refugee agencies have been working to create safer and more stable settlements for the Rohingya.
The only place to do this is now on the verge of becoming the world's largest refugee camp.
In an area known as the Camp 4 extension area, rescue agencies are using bulldozers to level the hills.
Workers are building rows of the same white buildings. Shelter with walls
More than 40,000 people have been relocated to planned settlements since, such as the expansion of Camp 4.
"We are attracting people from landslide danger areas and floods --
From the affected area of the construction site, "said Sarah Jabbin, assistant field officer of the United States. N. refugee agency.
But even if refugees live in dangerous, difficult places, most of them don't want to move, she said.
Many Rohingya settled next to people they had already known from their villages in Myanmar.
They don't want to be moved a few miles away and lose those social ties.
The other challenge, Jabbin said, is that the Rohingya have never encountered a landslide in their home village, so the idea of an avalanche is strange to them.
"No matter how many pictures we show, we give examples of how [landslides]
They firmly believe that "no, this is not reality ".
"It won't happen to us," she said angrily.
"So this is another struggle that we have convinced them.
Roshedha Begum was one of those who was eventually persuaded and moved to Camp 4.
She moved into her own residence earlier this month, but she said she didn't like being on the periphery of the large buildingcamp.
She says it's a long way to go to a mosque or clinic now.
Officials of the United StatesN.
It said that with the expansion of these new communities, more mosques and other facilities will be built.
When it came to the difficulties of the camp, Berg was angry.
Then it is clear that what bothers her is not the distance from the mosque, nor how long it will take to go to the market.
She was upset that she was here.
She said she was angry that the government of Myanmar had successfully kicked the Rohingya out of their village.
"We lost our country in the violence," she said . "
Then she took out her cell phone.
There is a photo of her son's body on the photo.
She said he was killed by a Burmese soldier in last year's attack.
At that time, her anger turned into tears.