hope, misery define brazil's dream city at 50 - black plastic sheeting
BRASILIA, Brazil-Brasilia, Brazil (AP)—
The garbage journey of Jesus journey-
He lived there all his life, only a few yards away (meters)
The glittering federal government promenade in Brasilia, built 50 years ago as a symbol of South American national commitment. The 30-year-
The old one showed where he was behind the department room, where he rummaged for trash, collected enough paper and plastic to earn $200 a month from recycling.
He was so dirty that he held out a hand and said hello shyly and disdainfully, explaining that he did not want to spread the dirt.
Jesus, 18, said: "I still hope that Brasilia is based on this . "
The one-month-old daughter grabbed his leg while his young, pregnant wife sat quietly outside his home tent in black and blue plastic sheets.
"I am not asking for the life of the rich.
But I want to live with dignity.
Brasilia, built 600 miles from scratch (965 kilometers)
Inland, conceived as the City of Dreams, a transformation project that pushes Latin America's largest country forward, with a modern capital on the wilderness of Brazil's vast inland savannah.
Half a century after its establishment in April 21, 1960, it had fulfilled most of that commitment.
Brasilia is now a city of 2 million buildings designed by renowned architect Oscar Niemeyer.
The road is flat and pedestrians can cross the street without worrying about being cut down.
The city center is in sharp contrast to the crumbling centers of Rio and Sao Paulo.
But like other cities in Brazil, Brasilia is also surrounded by huge slums.
Poor immigrants arrive by bus every day, and improvement programs are inevitably delayed from weather to corruption.
Jesus had a glimmer of hope for a better life.
Although he lives in a dirty environment of 700 feet, he does not show much pain (200 meters)
The northern part of Brazil's economic ministry is even more surprising.
But the vision of hope is the driving force behind Brasilia.
Independent leader Jose Bonifacio de Andrade e Silva moved the capital from the Rio coast to the interior of Brazil as early as 1823.
He and his successors want to develop vast areas of jungle and plains that have natural wealth and seemingly endless farmland.
But there is no center of mouth to support such development. 1956-
The 1961 term of President Juscelino Kubitschek, whose motto is "five years of progress 50 years", the city has finally been built --
During the 41-month period, the workers worked 24 hours a day until the inauguration.
It was the golden age of Brazil's development, and moving the capital to Brasilia was the highest achievement of Kubicek.
The development of the country is largely due to a road torn from the jungle that will bring the new capital to Belen, a port city 1,000 miles from the Amazon estuary (
1,600)to the north.
The road gave birth to hundreds of small towns and promoted development.
And destructionin the jungle.
During Kubicek's administration, industrial production increased by 80%, and agricultural production increased by 52% in the 10 years ended 1960.
Although Brasilia became the Brazilian capital in 1960, Rio remained the de facto power seat for the next 10 years.
Government workers and foreign diplomats are not keen to move the capital from charming Rio to sparsely populated areas far from any beach.
The children of the first Brazilian government workers to move to the new capital still recall difficult early life.
The planned lack of water and electricity outside the city center, wildlife roaming, today the limousine takes the president and prime minister to heightslevel meetings. The U. S.
Shortly after its establishment in Brasilia, it was the first country to open an embassy in Brasilia.
But after the military took over the governmentand Gen.
Medici, who was president in 1969-
1974. salary increase and other rewards for civil servants-
The operation to Brasilia finally took place.
He told foreign embassies to either relocate or lose their qualifications.
Since then, the country has become a political and economic power, relying mainly on goods on the open land of Brasilia --from the soy-
Located in the heart of the Central Plains region of Mato Grosso, export a large amount of iron ore, minerals and grain to the Amazon port.
The building in Brasilia has also attracted the attention of the international community.
1987 aircraft named World Heritage city by UNESCO
Styling design is the idea of urban planner Lucio Costa and his modernist government building, and is the work of architect Niemeyer.
Despite the beauty of Brasilia, it has the same problem as the rest of Brazil, one of the most unequal countries in the world in terms of income and land distribution.
It is designed to have enough houses, estimated to have 600,000 people.
City founders have not predicted that thousands of workers recruited from distant places to build the city will settle there and set up shantytowns camps that are now slums around the city.
About 19 million Brazilians have been lifted out of poverty since work.
On January, President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva took office. 1, 2003.
But about 38 million people.
Total population of neighboring Argentina-
Still living below the poverty line.
34-year-old Antonia albinism patient da Costa took her 6-month-
To find a better life, old son.
Selling coffee and cakes from behind her car in the parking lot of the National Theater during the day, working at a Japanese restaurant in the evening, she has been able to bring her three sisters and mothers from the poor places of Amazon to Brasilia, they also found a job there.
Costa, who believes Silva helped the poor the most, said Brazil's commitment could not be found in the design or location of its capital.
"No city, no physical building can promote the development of a country," she said . "
"The people in charge of the country within them will make real changes.