how to preserve paper: start with a little loving care - transparent polyester film
1978 this is a digital version of an article from The Times Print Archive, before it starts online in 1996.
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Paper is fragile, dispensable, and sneezes.
A 16th-century Count of Italy may have reached a level of contempt, and he likes parchment and bone-carved paper books
The stain on his paper sheet indicates that he bookmarked with sausage slices.
Before we find that there are books, documents or letters that we want to keep, our negligence on paper is beneficial.
Then our thoughts quickly turned to protection.
Roy pekinson, printmaking and painting administrator at the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, said, "No one, including museum administrators, can stop the inevitable deterioration process, but in the long run, we can stop objects in ways that don't hurt them.
"We get calls every week asking 'If do I have some spray or plastic that can be used to prevent my print or book from spoiling? '?
No, home therapy is usually harmful.
We can save the best things by giving our books, documents or letters with care.
"Promote the object with clean fingers and gentle ways: taking out a book from the box with a binding breaks its spine.
The life of books and all paper objects is shortened by exposure to high temperatures --
The danger area is the area above the radiator, register, air duct and fireplace;
In the summer, the temperature in the attic can reach 110 degrees.
In addition to aesthetic reasons, recommended ads keep books and boxes dust-free.
The most common problem with paper is mold, mold spores lurk in the dust and wait for the right conditions: dark and wet.
In the best environment, spores burst out and invade.
"That kind of nostalgic mildew . "
Perkinson said, "Those small brown mouthfuls indicate the presence of mold.
Brown spots are called "foxing ".
The Fox uses paper fiber and sizing as its raw material (
It is traditionally made of gelatin)
, Have a preference for pastel, the most prosperous in areas with high relative humidity.
You can buy a wet one. dry-
Bulb thermometer: if the relative humidity exceeds 70%, mold will grow in a few weeks.
A small dish or pouch of the disinfectant thy phenol Crystal provided by some pharmacies can be placed in a bookcase or storage container to prevent mildew. (
But don't put thymol near the oil painting.
It softens the oil. )
Installation of air-
The air conditioner or dehumidifier will check the abuse of humidity.
Insects like the same dark and humid hiding place.
Silverfish, termite, woodworm, cockroach and beetle larvae will be chewed by painting, bookbinding and bookbinding.
A pesticide can suppress their abnormal appetite.
For those animals and plants that you do not want to cultivate, the long-closed coastal summer house is a happy garden.
Either ventilate the house regularly or remove the precious paper items when you remove the curtains.
To arrest the mold and transfer the object to a dry environment;
Growth will stop in three or four days. (
Never try to brush the mold with pastel
You painted the color. )
Erect a book that is moldy or damaged by water, and the page opens so that moisture can escape.
Do not send objects back to their original unhealthy habitat, otherwise the disease will recur.
A competent repairer, in addition to fixing book binding and tears, can often remove water stains and foam.
Resist the temptation to repair tears with pressure-sensitive tape, such as masking tape or clear tape, household glue or rubber cement;
Even the library paste is not used by wise librarians.
These adhesives will stain your print and letters.
Since ordinary people cannot use the special repair materials provided by libraries and museums (
Japanese thin paper and starch paste)
, The rubber edge of a good Bond envelope or stamp.
The quality of both is relatively high and much better than the choice of tape or glue.
If the value of the item is high, seek professional help.
Advertising museums and libraries that collect precious books may recommend competent professionals;
Administrators of books, documents or fine binding may also be helpful.
Anyone who says he can prevent your documents from fading is either ignorant or fraudulent.
Keeping objects away from strong light will help prevent the inevitable process.
The brown ink used to sign documents from the 19 th century was particularly vulnerable.
Put these files in a folder if you can. Mr.
Perkinson suggests two methods or good protective covers for storing letters or documents.
One is to make a simple high quality folder (acidfree)
Artists draw paper, available in art supplies stores.
The second option is to build a transparent folder or envelope from Mylar, a polyester film.
Make the envelope half inch or 1 inch more than the file and seal the edge at the highest quality pressure
You can find sensitive tape and be careful that the tape will not come into contact with the paper.
Mylar is sold in the art supplies store in the form of mats and burritos.
A small number of odd-lot suppliers of this high-quality material are Talas at 104 Fifth Avenue, New York.
"It's kind of like a country shop . "
Perkinson pointed out, "because it would sell to a person, or to a museum.
Here you can get folders, acid-free storage boxes and storage envelopes for photos and negatives. Mr.
Co-author with Francis W. pekinson
Dorov of "how to appreciate works of art on paper.
"You can buy $2 from Boston Museum of Fine Arts, Massachusetts. 02115.
With a little care and knowledge, paper will live like its habits: Bend, curl, and react to the environment.
Do not mark your page with Italian sausage, whether it's glue or lacquer.
A version of this file was printed on page C11 of The New York edition on February 2, 1978 with the title: How to save paper: start with a little care.