independent appeal: the children who hunger for food and knowledge - black plastic sheeting
There was a quiet voice from the children in the cabin.
"A, B, C, D, E" they carefully go through the alphabet.
It's not a classroom, it's a cabin made of branches and tattered black plastic cloth.
The children sitting on the floor had no books and no blackboard for the teacher to write.
However, these smart and curious students are keen to learn and enjoy their lessons.
I like to learn English, Bengali and math . "year-old Forminata.
"I will help my mom when I am not at school.
"These children are Rohingya, one of the world's most besieged ethnic minorities, and their classrooms are in an unofficial refugee camp in southern Bangladesh, 30 miles from the Myanmar border.
It's a miserable, frustrating place, criss-crossed
Cross with open sewers and temporary cabins.
People can't leave without fear of being arrested, and they have to move around in order to survive.
This is a place that shouldn't exist in the 21 st century, but there are more than 40,000 people here.
The Rohingya are a nation that no one seems to want.
In Myanmar, they have lived for hundreds of years in the western state of Arakan, where they feel fear and abuse.
Myanmar's military junta is clearly concerned that Muslims are "moving forward" to Buddhist countries, refusing to give them citizenship, and has enacted strict rules governing their lives.
They even need to pay if they want to move to another village.
In recent years, Bangladesh has been flooded twice, with 1992 people in 1979.
But the authorities here don't want it either.
They are afraid to encourage more poor and poor people to cross the border and do everything they can to stop refugees.
As a result, while 28,000 refugees were registered with the government, another 200,000 migrants were unofficial, which some claimed to be as high as 500,000.
While official refugees live in shelters and receive food, medical and educational support, unofficial migrants are forced to make their own way.
The gap between a small number of official refugees and thousands of unregistered Rohingya is not more evident here in Kutupalong than here, south of Cox Bazar-named after an official in Raj, England-official immigrants live in permanent huts, and unofficial immigrants live in fragile sheds.
Everyone calls it Kutupalong makeshgift, which is the temporary nature of it.
This is how officials see it;
When the residents tried to build a permanent school, the authorities removed it.
However, the community is still struggling and they decide that some education must be given no matter how basic the child is.
There are 30 classrooms in this huge unofficial camp.
In the summer of soaring temperatures, classes are conducted in relatively cool places in the early morning.
"We need textbooks, we need equipment," said Amina . " Amina is one of the senior staff who is responsible for helping to train others to become teachers.
"The course is for children under the age of 510.
We can't provide it anymore.
"The child on the edge, an Englishman --
The Foundation charity-and one of the beneficiaries of this year's Independent Christmas Appeal-hopes to build a nutrition and education program for these young people with such a small population.
"Their current future is very bleak-they are trying to get enough food to survive," said Rachel Bentley, director of the charity . ".
"Those who go out from the camp to earn money are in danger of being rounded up and sent back to Myanmar.
Poor health care and sanitation.
"The attitude of the Bangladeshi authorities makes it difficult for aid organizations to work in unofficial camps.
However, they want to continue to be allowed to work with registered refugees, which means that these organizations rarely publicly criticize the Dhaka authorities.
This also means the lack of reliable data on the status and requirements of unofficial refugees.
Anecdotal evidence, however, suggests that one simple need that has not been properly met is adequate nutrition.
"This is a food crisis.
We need food. Said Saeed Hussein, 55. year-
Old community leaders in the "E" block of Kutupalong temporary camp.
Mr. Hussain entered Bangladesh four years ago, when the Burmese junta sent more and more Burmese settlers to the Rohingya villages, pointing out a small piece of land in which more than a dozen people were working.
Although a worker can earn 200 taka, he said. £1. 80)
Working a day in a nearby village, on this land next to the camp, the salary is only half of that day.
"But if we go out, the authorities may arrest us," he said . "
The long-term observer for the Rohingya in Bangladesh said there appeared to be no three possible solutions at the moment-voluntary repatriation of Myanmar, third-country settlement and legal settlement of Bangladesh.
The United Nations sees the Rohingya case as a "long-term situation ".
What makes their situation even more helpless is that their plight has not received the attention of the international community and has not received diplomatic support.
It is not clear why Muslim minorities should be discriminated against and persecuted, not helped by Muslim countries.
One of the results is that every year hundreds of Rohingya try to escape their "open prison" at sea, pay traffickers to go to Thailand first and then to Malaysia and Indonesia by land, both countries are Muslim.
Few countries in the region have dignity for refugees.
Two years ago, it was revealed that the Thai military had detained hundreds of refugees and dragged them out of the sea to "wait for them to die ".
They were eventually rescued by the Indian Coast Guard.
Thai Prime Minister has to apologize.
UN refugee agency project officer Jane Williams says the "season" of such attempts is about to begin.
"The easiest person to agree to be smuggled is an unregistered refugee," Williams said . " MS.
One of the few organizations that helped the Rohingya was marginal children.
This year's Independent Christmas gift charities around the world are dealing with problems that most of us cannot understand every day.
For this year's Christmas appeal, we have chosen three charities to support vulnerable children everywhere.
* Marginal children were created 20 years ago by Anita Roddick to help children's institutions in the Romanian orphanage.
Specialized in the provision of services to children who have suffered trauma.
It is still working in eastern Europe to support children with disabilities and girls at risk of sexual transactions.
But it is now working with children in extreme conditions in more than a dozen countries-children orphaned by AIDS in South Africa, after
Tsunami trauma in Indonesia-term post-
Conflict riots in East Timor, Myanmar refugee children in Bangladesh and Thailand. www.
The children are on the edge.
Org * ChildHope strives to bring hope and justice, color and fun to the lives of extremely vulnerable children experiencing different forms of violence in 11 countries in Africa, Asia and South America. www. childhope. org.
UK * Barnardo works with more than 100,000 of the most vulnerable children in 415 professional programs in the UK community.
It works with poor children, homeless people, children caring for sick parents, students with risks excluded from school, children with disabilities, teenagers leaving care, children who have been sexually abused and children who have been sexually abused.
It runs parenting programs. www. barnardos. org.