leonard reiffel, who studied lunar nuclear bomb, dies at 89 - transparent plastic sheet
Many of Leonard Raytheon's achievements as a physicist include two completely unrelated things. one a down-to-
The development of the Earth has changed sports and another
If this happens, it may change the course of history, which is a far-fetched idea.
In sports broadcasting
Reiffel invented telemanager, which allows the announcer to draw lines and circles on the TV screen to show how the drama developed.
But what's more striking is his role at the top.
Secret research by the Air Force raises a simple question: detonate a nuclear bomb on or near the moon to see what happens?
Shortly after the Soviet Union put the satellite into orbit in 1957, the United States was upset that it was losing the space race. The air force raised the question of this hypothesis to a group of scientists.
The study, known as Project a1 19, secretly examined the scientific and military benefits of launching an ICBM carrying a nuclear bomb as large as an atomic bomb that landed on Hiroshima, and detonate on or near the surface of the moon.
Whether this could be a very questionable question at the end of 1950.
The study said the moon explosion would serve military targets by providing information on "testing nuclear devices in exploration space and the ability of nuclear weapons in space warfare.
As for the political influence.
Reiffel was then the physics research manager of the Armour Research Foundation, a laboratory at the Illinois Institute of Technology, which wrote in its report of 1959, "The country's first demonstration of advanced technological capabilities will have a positive impact.
Spoiler alert: The plan was never carried out, the moon survived in good condition, carrying six Apollo landings on the moon.
Reiffel revealed that the Air Force has always been interested in the surprise of making a moon explosion, with the goal of propaganda.
"The most important intention is to impress the world with American strength," he told the New York Times in 2000 . ". “It was a P. R.
There is no doubt that in the minds of the Air Force, this device. ”Dr.
Reiffel, who later helped NASA determine where the Apollo lunar module landed on the moon, died in a Chicago hospital in April 15. He was 89.
Mr. romeon rickehoff
Long-term aides to Reiffel said the cause was complications from pancreatic cancer. Dr. Reiffel (
Pronounced like a rifle)
He is an inventor with dozens of patents, but he resonates the most.
For broadcaster John Madden, the device is transformative and greatly improves his ability to describe what 22 men are doing on the football field, especially in a running race, the winger fought on the ball line.
As a former coach
Madden took advantage of CBS Sports's TV administrator, and then on other networks, let the audience know his explanation of the players.
"You need to identify players with illustrations, not just words," Mr.
Madden said in a telephone interview on Tuesday that he recalled what he might have said when he drafted the script with a telegram: "Look at this guy --
He will go here, this guy will come up from here, collide here, and run back between them. ”Mr.
Madden may be sloppy about his Telegram and fantasy, sometimes pointing out the Gatorade bucket in a funny way with this tool, or the Thanksgiving turkey he's going to eat after a game.
"I don't want to be an art," he said . "Dr.
Reiffel entered the television industry, including the host of a local children's science festival in Chicago.
He was frustrated by the limitations of the narrative voice
In describing what is displayed on the screen, he told Pop Mechanics in 2009, "I decided it would be very good to be able to get the photos and draw on them.
"The earliest version made Dr.
Draw with a stylus on a transparent plastic sheet placed on the TV screen.
It is coated with a layer so that the current can flow through it.
The image merge combines signals from the camera and pen together.
The device was successfully used in the weather report for the first time, prompting Dr.
CBS television in Chicago interviewed about expanding its application in sports.
The CBS network ended up N. F. L. games. Mr.
Mcden used it for the first time in the playoffs after the 1981 and Super Bowl 16 seasons. Dr.
Reiffel stands nearby to ensure that the Telegraph is working properly.
As a big, excited gentleman
Maden wrote on the Telegram, "he almost knocked me out of the announcer's booth ,"
Reiffel learned in 2005 that he won an Emmy for the invention. Dr.
Reiffel's Telegraph ended up being improved by allowing analysts to sketch lines, circles and curves with their fingers while touchingscreen monitor.
It has become an important tool for screen sports production, as well as instant playback of electronic number one
Offline and continuous score boxes.
Leonard Rayfield was born in Chicago on the 23rd. 30, 1927.
His father, Carl, is a silversmith, and his mother, former Sophie Miller, is the regional director of the Chicago public school system.
He received a bachelor's and master's degree in electrical engineering from Illinois Institute of Technology.
The PhD he received at the same school was electrical engineering and physics.
His second wife, former Nancy Jeffers, and his sons, Evan and David, survived.
His first marriage ended in divorce.
In his different careers
The Nobel Prize winner who worked at the University of Chicago for a year,
Enrico Fermi, the award-winning physicist
Wrote a novel "Pollutants" (1978)
On the biomedical attack of rogue American officers on the Soviet Union;
Published scientific radio comments that won the pebodi Award;
Provide advice to the scientific staff of the Apollo program;
Run a company that develops Conference Call products.
But the work he did on the a1 19 project, where his assumptions did not produce any practical results, remains a reminder of the Cold War tensions.
In 2000, he recalled in nature that when he and others in his staff were asked to assess the reaction of the moon's surface and its chemicals to a nuclear bomb.
"The scientific cost of destroying the original lunar environment," he wrote, "does not seem to concern our sponsors --
But, as I made it clear at the time, it must have been for us.