paintball, bb and pellet gun injuries pose serious risk to children’s eyes - polycarbonate lenses
The good news: in a new study, the overall incidence of eye injuries in children caused by exercise and recreation decreased slightly from 1990 to 2012.
The bad news is: non-powder guns including BB guns, shotguns and paintguns have significantly increased eye damage to children.
Worse news: the eye injury is likely to be serious.
The study, published this month in the journal Pediatrics, examined children under the age of 18 who were treated in a nationally representative sample of emergency rooms in about 100 hospitals in the United States.
Most of them are from E. R.
After treatment, but 4.
7% people were hospitalized for serious injuries. Three-
Four of the injured children were boys, 43% of whom were children between the ages of 10 and 14. Dr.
Gary Smith, director of the National Children's Hospital Injury Research and Policy Center in Columbus, Ohio, is a senior author of the study, he said the campaign --
Child-related eye injuries have long been a concern, which has led to a number of sports suggestions for protective glasses.
The largest single source of eye injuries in this study15. 9 percent —was basketball.
Followed by baseball and softball, related to 15 people.
2% were injured.
Non-powder guns accounted for 10.
6% injured eyes
However, almost half of hospitalized patients tend to reflect serious injuries, such as tears in the eyes or puncture, which can lead to permanent loss of vision. Over the 23-
During the year of the study, the rate of eye damage caused by non-powder guns increased by 168. 8 percent. Dr.
The study did not explore the reasons for the increase, Smith said.
But it's not a new problem.
As early as 1911, the New York Times reportedyear-
An old man in Washington Heights was injured by an air gun and lost sight in his right eye.
As we all know, basketball is a very high sport.
Risk movement of eye injurySmith said.
Both the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Academy of Ophthalmology have recommended that all players wear protective glasses with polyester lenses;
They would like to see the National Federation of High School Associations, which oversees high school sports, ask to do so.
"Few people wear protective glasses in basketball," the doctor said. Smith said.
"The culture of the sport has not changed yet.
We need to work with the coach.
In terms of baseball and softball, the study calls for wearing a mask on the batting helmet (
Softball is needed at the moment, but not small league or high school baseball)
The defender's face guard (
But in order to prevent almost half of the more serious eye injuries, you need to contact the child who shot --
Some parents may think harmless.
"Everyone in the group should wear protective glasses," the doctor said. Smith said.
"If we focus on all sports and recreational eye injuries, the most serious ones are caused by non-powder guns, so we should make special efforts to prevent them.
Therefore, it is recommended that adult supervision and protective glasses, as well as some special guns --
Related precautions, such as the goal of preventing rebound when teaching children to use BB or pellet guns.
"These may be life --
Change damage: In a second, damage can happen, and it will be with you for the rest of your life, "Dr. Smith said.
Children's toy guns-
Not a powder gun.
Ask other questions for many parents.
Long before the children reached the age of BB guns and pellet guns, many people were attracted by toy guns, which did not have the same safety concerns about eye damage, but raised questions about behavior and attack.
I remember my first son being defeated.
When he was a toddler, guns ruled a daycare center in Cambridge.
His teacher pays close attention to any child biting off part of the sandwich and making gun shapes or possible weapon gear with tinkering toys or Lego toys. But my son —
A foreseeable child of a freelance pediatrician
Claiming he was building a bird feeder and then pointing to a classmate and saying, "bang, I killed you with my bird feeder.
Brad Bachmann, a professor of communication and psychology at Ohio State University in Columbus, said experimental evidence on toy guns suggests that "just seeing a gun makes you more aggressive.
This is the so-called "weapon effect ".
"Not just more aggressive kids like to play with guns;
In some studies, children were randomly assigned to play with guns or some non-offensive toys, and playing with guns could lead to more aggressive behavior, he said.
In a study published last year, children aged 8 to 12 were randomly assigned to watch PG movies with or without guns (
The movie was the same).
Then, the children were observed in a room, which had a cabinet with an ununloaded gun in it and placed in a closed drawer.
The children who watched the film with guns, doctor.
Bushman said he averaged 53 seconds with a gun, compared to 11 seconds for kids who had seen the ban. gun version.
In contrast, they pulled the trigger three times on average.
"A child pulled the trigger with a gun on his friend's head," he said . ".
"There are also people pointing to passers-by outside the window --
Pass by the street.
He cited a statistic that less than 60% of gun owners own guns.
"Lock the gun up and separate the ammunition," he said . ".
"In an opaque container, not in a glass cabinet --
Seeing a gun increases aggression.
It is no surprise that he does not recommend any type of toy gun, but rather advocates the topic as an occasion for discussion: He said: "I think parents need to talk to their children about why they don't want them to play with guns. ".
No matter how you decide
No matter what you think you have decided, no matter what your child ends up doing, young or older, keep your eyes safe.
Even if you ban toy guns when your child is young, he may still run into paintguns and shotguns;
Wear protective glasses to ensure eye safety.
You often have to find a way to say, don't do that, but if you do, keep yourself safe --
Those of you who have middle school and high school age children know this and you have had conversations about alcohol, drugs and sex --
Or if you don't, you should.
Therefore, there is also a safety concern here: children who use non-powder guns need to wear protective glasses.
No matter what your goal is, the eyes are worth protecting.