peanut paste and clean water: battle to save children of the nile - plastic sheet
Due to severe malnutrition, old Alouet is being treated near the White Nile in South Sudan.
But disease, poverty, war, and lack of clean water mean that life here in the world's newest country does not match the picturesque landscape.
Statistics show that malnutrition rates are "severe" or worse in more than half of the country, 2.
5 million people are facing potential food shortages.
The UK Department of International Development also has similar assessments.
It is the second largest overseas donor in South Sudan, spending £ 100 million a year to address "chronic poverty, inequality and insecurity ", this gives the country some of the worst indicators in the world in terms of education and health.
Including countries with the highest maternal mortality rates in the world,
Reflected in the plight of baby Alouet.
The 12-year-old sister, Noiyonot, took her to the clinic and took care of her after her mother died of malnutrition and the debilitating effects of childbirth.
Alouet was deprived of breast milk and was seriously underweight.
The clinic staff, run by Medair, a charity at Camp Abayok in Upper Nile state, distributed a bag of lead nuts
Peanut butter for com-
Bat children with milk powder, sugar, fat, vitamins and minerals are malnourished.
Health workers warn Noiyonot that getting babies to drink dirty water can lead to more diseases or more serious ones.
Midwife Elizabeth John discussed the subject at a consultation.
She said contaminated water, malnutrition and malaria-induced diseases and diarrhea are the main causes of poor health, but better education can solve many problems: "Malnutrition is usually caused by diseases such as diarrhea, or sometimes the child loses his mother and lacks breast milk.
In the first six months, we taught mothers the importance of giving only breast milk and only clean water when children grow up.
We also teach good hygiene and diet.
"In wangso, another settlement on the Upper Nile that serves the displaced, it is also packed with a second Medair clinic.
Like Abayok, it was set up for citizens returning from Sudan decades later
The long war of liberation resulted in South Sudan's independence in 2011.
But in 2013, a civil war broke out between President Salva Kiir and his former deputy, Rick Machar, meaning that there are now refugees in both camps.
The problems of many people who are already poor and sick have become more complicated because war has destroyed harvests, destroyed jobs and contributed to disease.
As staff fled the fighting, the already limited national medical services had been closed or deteriorated.
The 28-year-old Susana OTU, who went to the clinic for fever and stomach pains, said she moved to Khartoum, Sudan, to escape the war of liberation and returned to wangso on 2010 --
He fled again last year after a new civil war hit the area.
"The rebels came to town and started killing civilians.
"We are hiding under the bed," she added . ".
She believed her husband had died in the conflict and said it was hard to live in simple tukul
A dirt house with conesshaped roof —
She lives with her aunt, three children and 10 other relatives.
Aterin Osman, 22, tells how her husband was shot in front of her.
She was pregnant and was born two weeks ago.
Medair gave her a plastic sheet with delivery, soap, mosquito nets and other items written on it to help her cope with the arrival of the baby.
Charity staff will also provide medical examinations in the coming weeks.
But there is no way to feed herself, her child and another child. year-
The future of Aterin is still challenging.
Help is not always accepted.
Another tukul near Wonthow, Medair staff visited one-year-old Nino.
Last year, he was severely malnourished and close to death, but he is now healthy after a charity diet.
His mother, Nybol Ajak, was also informed of the importance of clean drinking water to prevent diarrhea and diseases that could lead to malnutrition.
"But even though the charity built a clean water station at Wonthow to provide filtered and chlorine water supplies, she admitted that the family was still drinking the river.
She claimed that the water station a mile away was too far.
Some of the problems affecting South Sudan are beyond its control.
The country has oil reserves, but its revenues have fallen sharply as world oil prices plunged.
The high cost of delivering fuel to the market through Sudan has further drained revenue.
But many of the difficulties in this country are still self-inflicted.
Corruption and much of the government's budget for military spending means that there is little that can provide basic services to the majority of the population.
Huge international debt means the country is now on the brink of a full economic collapse.
This will cause a greater blow to its poor citizens.
Life on the Nile seems idyllic.
But the prospects for the people here remain bleak.