plastic pollution choking australian waters and killing wildlife: csiro study - clear plastic film
A new study says some of the garbage found on Australian beaches is plastic, warning that the garbage is being wound up and swallowed up by wildlife.
Researchers surveyed Australia's vast coastline every about 100 kilometers, compiling the world's largest collection of marine debris data, the Commonwealth Organization for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIRO)said.
We found three.
"Some of the rubbish on the coast is plastic," CSIRO scientist Denise Hardesty said . ".
"Most of them are from Australia, not the high seas, and the debris is concentrated near the city.
"The report is part of three parts --
The annual marine waste Research and Education program developed by Earth watch Australia in partnership with CSIRO and the energy group Shell found that there are two main drivers of pollution --
Littering and illegal dumping.
The garbage found includes glass and plastic bottles, cans, bags, balloons, rubber, metals and fiberglass, as well as fishing gear and other items lost or discarded in or near the sea.
The report says that these marine litter will not only pose a risk of navigation, but will also suffocate coral reefs, transport invasive species, damage tourism and kill and harm wildlife.
It warns that garbage affects wildlife through entanglement and ingestion, but also indirectly affects wildlife through the chemicals it introduces into the marine ecosystem.
The smaller turtle species, in particular, take in these fragments, probably because soft and transparent plastic resembles its natural prey jellyfish.
"Our findings suggest that sea leather turtles and green turtles face the greatest risk of being fatal and potentially
"The intake of marine garbage can have a fatal impact," the report said . ".
At the same time, birds ate everything from balloons to ropes, and the survey found that 43 of the seabirds had plastic in their internal organs, the manaman Sea between Australia, and New Zealand and the Southern Ocean were identified as high-risk areas.
"Our analysis predicts that, given the steady growth in plastic production, the amount of plastic that Seabirds consume by 2050 may reach 95 of all species," the report said . ".
Entanglement also poses a risk of death or disability to seabirds, turtles, whales, dolphins, Ru gong, fish, crabs and crocodiles, and other species.
The world's first three turtles may have taken in debris, which has increased since the beginning of plastic production in the 1950 s, "MS hadti said.
"We also estimate that between 5,000 and 15,000 turtles in Carpentaria Bay have been trapped and killed by abandoned fishing nets mainly from overseas.
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