Tito's pet film studio at risk of Yugoslav fate - pet film
On a forest-covered hill above the Serbian capital, the stray dog's nose runs through the plywood movie set, a relic of one of the world's most prolific film studios.
The Avala Film was founded by the leader of Yugoslavia, Josip Broz Tito, after World War II, and his Socialist Federation ate on inspiring war epics, praising the "Brotherhood" among its people
Richard Burton, Yur Briner, and Orson Wells bring the glamour of Hollywood, while Tito's army offers something extra.
But, reflecting the fate of the country it once pushed, for a long time
As the bankrupt studio is now in danger of being disorganized, picked and sold to pay off its debts.
Filmmakers and film lovers in Serbia are worried about losing the treasure of a country because it has a rich catalogue of hundreds of films spanning half a century.
"Movies in any country are a core part of their heritage," says film director Mila Turajlic, a 2010 documentary, tells the story of Tito's legendary love for the film and the film industry he funded.
She said that AVARA's work "represents not only Serbia, but also the cultural history of Yugoslavia, and will eventually fall into the private hands of local businessmen, who will freely use them in any way they see fit, they even refused their visit.
The demise of the Avala Film reflects Tito's vision of Yugoslavia.
Ten years after his death in 1980, the socialist federation he ruled collapsed during the war, leaving the studio to rot, and rolled-up films scattered on the floor of a leaking warehouse. Sub-
Tenants, including a car repairman and an Italian television production company, moved in.
The movie set in Rome is still there.
"It looks like a nuclear winter," said Vladimir Cvetkovic, director of the Serbian privatization agency, speaking about the day the receiver moved in last year.
"For 10, 15 years, no one has dealt with the Avala film, except to announce how important it is to Serbia. ” The sell-
Repayment of € 9 million in debt will begin this month, and about 36 acres of major real estate, film copyrights, costumes, props and studios may be acquired.
Cvetkovic, who defended privatization, said that the archives were safe for the first time in years and were included in the final sale, while the land would be at the disposal of the state.
Debt comes from imports-
The export company, the Yugoslavia export company, held a large stake in the Avala Film during the demise of Yugoslavia and then went bankrupt.
Once paid, Cvetkovic told Reuters that the government or Serbian film industry was welcome to provide "a vision of how to restore the light of Avala ".
However, the cultural heritage of the former Yugoslavia may be a difficult problem for the government, as it often likes to forget certain periods while praising others.
The heritage of Tito is still controversial.
In Serbia, where culture struggles for the attention and resources of a country that is still free from the disastrous reign of the late strongman Sloane miloševich until the outbreak of the war in 2000, where guns and gangsters rule society, independent thinkers are considered subversive.
Today, thanks to the recession and unemployment rate of 25%, China's funding to support cultural life lags far behind most Eastern European countries --just 0.
6% of the national budget.
Among the most important cultural landmarks, the National Museum and the Museum of Contemporary Art have been closed for many years, and the funds for the renovation project have been used up.
The heir to miloshevchenko is now in power in Serbia.
While their nationalism has been tempered by the desire to join the EU, they have little interest in polishing Tito's Yugoslav heritage.
Culture Minister petlav Petkovic said this week that his office was "watching closely to try to help and give our opinion ".
The ministry declined to answer questions.
Most of Serbia's privatization process has been plagued by corruption since miloshevchenko stepped down, and filmmakers are worried that Avala movies may suffer a fate similar to those of belegel films, it operates 14 Art Deco and Bauhaus cinemas in the capital, dating back to World War II. The much-
In 2007, a London film company sold it for 9 million euros.
A Serbian businessman has promised to restore some of them to their former glory.
Since then, all of them have been boarded or taken over by squatters, prompting activists attending the closing night of this week's Bell Geer Film Festival to erect 14 wooden crosses that read
"Practice has shown that film photography is the biggest loser in transformation (from socialism)
Radoslav Zelenovic, director of the film archive of Yugoslavia, said that there, an overstretched staff member was working hard to repair and archive thousands of volumes of films found at Avala premises
"The AVARA film is an integral part of Serbian culture," he said . "
"Such a space should be made into a museum where the public can watch movies, watch sets and how the stuntman works.
Instead, he said, "Someone will buy the rights of these films and come to the Yugoslavia film archive like a warehouse and say, 'Hand over the negative '.
"Some people in the Serbian film industry, taking other countries in the region as an example, offered to sell part of the Avala Film and remake it
Investment income to create a new countryof-the-Art film studio
Private productions have kept Serbia's film industry alive, part of the cheap locations and staff available in emerging markets in Eastern Europe, attracting Ralph Feynes to film his directorial debut, section, here in 2010
"The most urgent issue is to protect the public from watching these films," said director Turajlic . ".
"The second issue is the Avala Film site, which, if sold as a regular real estate, will be razed to the ground, leaving traces of its rich history.
Unfortunately, she said, after the fall of communism in Eastern Europe, in the process of fighting for assets, cash --
Tight governments often bow their heads to the interests of big businesses, as Serbia has demonstrated.
"The privatization of the Avala Film has been resolved privately between the Serbian oligarchs, despite attempts by the parties to reform the process for the benefit of the Serbian film industry, the successive culture ministers ended up bowing to their "vision", "Turajlic said.
"It's obvious that they let Avala go bankrupt. ” (
Supplementary report by Jacob skokic;
Editor Will Waterman)