toronto’s archeological treasures still buried (in bankers’ boxes, garages, basements and lockers) - corrugated plastic
Archaeologist Ron Williamson presents ancient treasures from his company's storage room500-year-
Old tools made of animal bones, pipes of the same age made of clay, and decorative beads carved with shells.
They are just a fraction of the artifacts stored in the box of the Archaeological Service company banker. on Bathurst St.
The company has stored hundreds of boxes on site and more boxes in other facilities with euros in them
The Canadian and indigenous artifacts of ASI archaeologists, subject to the Ontario license terms, are trusted by the people of the province every time they are hired to conduct archaeological assessments or excavations.
Throughout their lives, archaeologists can collect hundreds of boxes, store them in garages, basements, and lockers, or in the storage rooms of the institutions and companies they work.
Williamson estimates that archaeologists in the province have stored at least 20,000 boxes of artifacts.
Ontario is one of the few jurisdictions in North America that do not require artifacts to enter central storage facilities, where researchers can use them and keep them safe.
Williamson created ASI in 1980 and has been advocating for central repositories for many years.
"We have the strongest legislation in North America to pull these things out of the ground before development, so it won't be destroyed by development," Williamson said . ".
"We have the weakest legislation on how to deal with these things.
"In Toronto, city staff looked at the centralized storage of about 3,500 boxes related to downtown Toronto --
Now master the construction-based excavation in the hands of individual archaeologists or government agencies or companies they work.
Some are stored by the city itself.
But an employee report released last fall said it was too expensive to transform an existing building into a storage facility that would accommodate them, plus the use of new materials over the next 10 years.
On the contrary, the Council adopted a motion on December proposing that the collections be sent to sustainable archaeology for the purpose --
Built a 30,000 in Hamilton-
Box capacity as part of McMaster University.
A sister facility at West London university has 50,000 square meters of space, all built with government funding.
Until recently, Hamilton's arm was still almost empty.
"They have space, they have employees, they have long term
"This is a long-term curatorial exhibition of archaeological collections," said Toronto Chief curator Wayne Reeves . ".
"We think it's more feasible than working internally to find money to re-invent the wheel to create a bracket --
He said: "There are only facilities in Toronto.
Read more: drawing a map of Aboriginal residents in Toronto "what really matters is that they are no longer held in potential hazardous storage facilities, do not see management, and more importantly, do not have public access.
"The city will continue to store cultural relics related to the 10 museums it operates in the existing museum collection center and transfer the rest to Sustainable Archaeology.
Not in Toronto-
The running Museum is the indigenous history of the city.
One obstacle to the Toronto plan is the lack of government regulation that requires archaeologists to store artifacts in central warehouses.
Another obstacle is cost.
Depending on how much processing is required, Sustainable Archaeology costs $150 to $900 per box.
Before repackaging in a corrugated plastic box, they may need to be cleaned, identified, marked and bagged.
These boxes have radio frequency labels so that monitors at the door of the warehouse can track them as they go in and out.
The facility also has state-of-the-
Laboratory of Art Studies
Processing costs cover the cost of the cataloged items and ensure that the facility is sustainable for a long time to come when the shelves are full.
"The province needs to play a leadership role, saying that we will implement guidelines on how to manage these collections once they are recycled from underground," Reeves said, "creating some sort of funding program, help archaeologists transfer their collections to storage such as Sustainable Archaeology.
This is the key.
"In other jurisdictions, costs are often passed on to anyone who is employed by a developer, agency or government agency to do the job.
"Expected Legacy Collection (
Those already in the hands of archaeologists)
In some cases, additional care and expenses will be required to bring their curatorial exhibition to an acceptable standard, "Susan Hughes, project manager, heritage protection services, downtown Toronto, in an email
"The staff will also travel to the province. . .
Provide guidance and potential funding to complete any additional work related to these collections.
However, these collections are part of the overall planning of the project.
"In Toronto, the city's charter requires an assessment of land considered to be of archaeological significance prior to development, and the evidence of indigenous peoples dates back thousands of years.
There are about 400 known archaeological sites in the city, about half of which are indigenous people.
All of this has been mined to some extent.
There are more locations in Southern Ontario, many on Lake Ontario or close to rivers and streams.
Some of the artifacts have gone out with the garbage.
An archaeologist in the Peterborough area died suddenly, and the items he stored in his apartment were thrown away and a collection was lost.
And hundreds of boxes containing artifacts.
Some colonies, but basically indigenous.
When a tunnel at the T Scarborough Campus was cleared and items were delivered to a landfill in Michigan in 2003, the items were lost.
"It was a terrible accident," said William of ASI . ".
The inability to obtain information on cultural relics and related cultural relics is a sensitive oversight of indigenous communities.
"We have hundreds of ancestors, in the boxes of universities and government buildings," said Louis lesgi, director of Nionwentsio (
Land and Resources)
Windart country in windack, Que.
In 2013, the remains of more than 1,700 of their ancestors were re-buried in Vaughan, which had been stored in T. U. of T's boxes for decades.
The city estimates that artifacts from more than 300 locations are held in the hands of individual archaeologists or their companies, or stored by the Ontario Heritage Trust, Toronto and the District Protection Agency (TRCA)
The Toronto Regional School Board or the city itself.
Dozens of other artifacts are still missing or have been destroyed.
Institutions like TRCA have their own storage facilities, in which case the temperature-
They store control rooms for hundreds of boxes.
Most of the artifacts are debris, dug up on protected land before infrastructure projects, not museums --quality pieces.
Conservation agencies use these cultural relics for education and publicity and have opened a summer field school for high school students.
They are considering opening another family for adults.
"The fact that TRCA has its own repository, I think, reduces their requirement to transfer artifacts to another facility," said Janice taihileb, an archaeologist there.
Even the provincial Department of Transport stores artifacts in offices in Southern Ontario.
There is one in the department
House archaeological action, but outsourcing in the medium term’90s.
It now employs consultants and archaeologists responsible for the materials.
Perhaps even more confusing is that the excavation of a site may be in the hands of many different archaeologists or institutions.
Williamson's company has paid for the transfer of 500 boxes to the London division of Sustainable Archaeology.
"We just feel that this is what has to happen," said William Williamson, a member of the SA board . ".
"But most people can't afford it.
Most companies cannot afford it.
"Over the past 20 years, his company has also sent hundreds of boxes to various museums.
Lesage, a member of the first national advisory circle for Sustainable Archaeology, said the facility was not the perfect solution, but it is best at the moment.
"It's better to know that all these artifacts can be concentrated in one place," Lesage said . " He can track his Huron-
-1680 of Winda.
"In the near future, we will take the time to think about how we will do things.
For example, how do we repatriate remains, or how do we repatriate artifacts in our own communities.